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For most people living on the planet earth, earthquakes and tsunamis are all about what they read and

learn in Geography or what they see in news or online. However, earthquakes and tsunamis in Japan

are not something very unusual for the people living there. It would surprise one to know that tsunamis

in Japan have never been far away from thought. It would not be an overstatement to say that

tsunamis in Japan have killed tens of thousands of people and it keeps happening like never ending

waves that approach the shore from the depths of a sea.

So what makes Tsunamis in Japan a common phenomenon than elsewhere? In order to understand

tsunamis better, one has to understand how they occur and what actually causes them.

Tsunamis

How tsunamis occur?

In a nutshell, tsunamis are caused by the rising or sinking of seabed when underwater earthquakes

occur. When this happens, large amount of water is displaced vertically which shows up on the surface

of the ocean much like a ripple sending large waves in all direction. These giant wavers are called

tsunamis in Japanese or tidal waves. Not all earthquakes result in tsunamis, if the intensity of the

earthquake is marked 7.5 or above on the Richter scale, such earthquakes can certainly result in

tsunamis.

This is an important understanding as to why tsunamis in Japan are common than other places. Japan is

located in an area which is geologically very active. It is understood that the Japanese archipelago is

situated at a place where many oceanic and continental plates converge and they are in smaller or

bigger drift with each other causing disturbances. These disturbances are felt as earthquakes.

Tsunamis

How destructive can tsunamis get?

Tsunamis can get very devastative and can contribute highly to extensive damage to lives and properties

of the people. The destructive force of tsunamis can depend on several factors such as the intensity of

the earthquakes that happen, the proximity to the origin center, the depth of water in the ocean set. As

the water goes deeper, the height of the tsunamis significantly get lower and sometimes it cannot be

even detected. For example, a boat of a ship in the deep seas where the water is very deep is much

safer than the boat that is near the coast of the ocean. The time required for a tsunami to devastate any

coast is very less as the powerful waves can become unstoppable as they approach coastal and they get

higher. They can wash away anything that is in front of it. The water alone can cause enough damage

and with debris in the water, the damage can be quite unimaginable.

Though man is so very much advanced, we have not reached a point where we can successfully predict

any kind of earthquakes that can lead into tsunamis. However, we have established ways to mitigate the

devastation and destruction caused by it.

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Natural disasters can happen anywhere and one should be aware of the most devastating disasters so that he/she can stay prepared for the harsh realities once they occur. Following is a list of various natural disasters and their effects. Landslide: Landslide can be constituted by ground, trees, houses or rocks getting swept up. There are many causes for such a landslide such as earthquakes, continuous rain and volcanic activities. While the effects of a landslide cannot be overwhelming, they can still constitute to considerable amount of devastation. Drought: Drought can be a serious disaster and it is caused when a region suffers from extensive deficiency of water over a long time. This condition is largely constituted when a region receives lesser amount of rains which is significantly lower than the average rainfall of the region. Though it may not bring in quick damage to people and lives, prolonged ones can affect the economy and the quality of the life the local people. Flood: Flood is one of the most common natural disasters that one can come across. Flood can be explained as a water expanse that has the ability to plunge land and trample pretty much anything on its path. There are many reasons for floods and some reasons can be extensive rains, dam breaks. Poor irrigation and wastage disposal can result in clogging leading to floods. Tsunamis: These are large tidal waves that are caused by the sudden displacement of water in ocean due to high intensity earthquakes under water. Though these are not quite common everywhere, one can find tsunamis common at regions that are seismically very active. The desolation caused by these waves can be really high and it can result is extensive damage to lives and properties. They also have the power to wipeout entire cities as well. Volcanic Eruption: Though not quite common, volcanic eruptions can be a great concern for people living near an active volcano. Though there are not many active volcanoes to speak about now, the damage caused by the eruptions can be catastrophic. The lava can melt anything in its path and burn down entire villages and towns. The smoke emitted from the opening of the volcanoes can be poisonous and it can contain a lot of tiny rocky particles can cloud sun and cause extensive damages to flights. Tornados These are powerful and rotating columns of air that can blow at speeds from 50mph to 300mph and higher. Tornadoes can occur at places where chances of thunderstorms are higher and can result in extensive damage to lives and properties. Earthquakes Earthquakes are the result of seismic activities that happen on the crust of the Earth between tectonic plates. While not all earthquakes can result in damages, earthquakes that have a magnitude of more than 4 can cause considerable damages to the property and lives of the people. The manifestations of the quakes at the tectonic plates are normally observed as displacement and shaking of the ground. While there can be many other natural disasters, these are the most notorious ones that a person can easily relate to.

Natural disasters can happen anywhere and one should be aware of the most devastating disasters so

that he/she can stay prepared for the harsh realities once they occur. Following is a list of various

natural disasters and their effects.

Landslide

Landslide:

Landslide can be constituted by ground, trees, houses or rocks getting swept up. There are many causes

for such a landslide such as earthquakes, continuous rain and volcanic activities. While the effects of a

landslide cannot be overwhelming, they can still constitute to considerable amount of devastation.

Drought

Drought:

Drought can be a serious disaster and it is caused when a region suffers from extensive deficiency of

water over a long time. This condition is largely constituted when a region receives lesser amount of

rains which is significantly lower than the average rainfall of the region. Though it may not bring in quick

damage to people and lives, prolonged ones can affect the economy and the quality of the life the local

people.

Flood

Flood:

Flood is one of the most common natural disasters that one can come across. Flood can be explained as

a water expanse that has the ability to plunge land and trample pretty much anything on its path. There

are many reasons for floods and some reasons can be extensive rains, dam breaks. Poor irrigation and

wastage disposal can result in clogging leading to floods.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis:

These are large tidal waves that are caused by the sudden displacement of water in ocean due to high

intensity earthquakes under water. Though these are not quite common everywhere, one can find

tsunamis common at regions that are seismically very active. The desolation caused by these waves can

be really high and it can result is extensive damage to lives and properties. They also have the power to

wipe out entire cities as well.

 Volcanic Eruption

Volcanic Eruption:

Though not quite common, volcanic eruptions can be a great concern for people living near an active

volcano. Though there are not many active volcanoes to speak about now, the damage caused by the

eruptions can be catastrophic. The lava can melt anything in its path and burn down entire villages and

towns. The smoke emitted from the opening of the volcanoes can be poisonous and it can contain a lot

of tiny rocky particles can cloud sun and cause extensive damages to flights.

Tornados

Tornados

These are powerful and rotating columns of air that can blow at speeds from 50mph to 300mph and

higher. Tornadoes can occur at places where chances of thunderstorms are higher and can result in

extensive damage to lives and properties.

Earthquakes

Earthquakes

Earthquakes are the result of seismic activities that happen on the crust of the Earth between tectonic

plates. While not all earthquakes can result in damages, earthquakes that have a magnitude of more

than 4 can cause considerable damages to the property and lives of the people. The manifestations of

the quakes at the tectonic plates are normally observed as displacement and shaking of the ground.

While there can be many other natural disasters, these are the most notorious ones that a person can

easily relate to.

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natural calamity

Natural calamities are something that no one can escape from and every part of the world is pretty

much prone to any sort of natural calamity. So it becomes important that we learn to deal with the

effects of calamities. Through this, we can help ourselves and our community to recover from the evil

effects having undergone and suffered great casualties in the hands of such calamities. One of the

biggest problems that most people have to face while recovering from a calamity is know that how

tragically unprepared they are actually for a recovery.

So, let us find how one can actually help their community get for any sort of natural calamity and how

they can get back onto track to recover from the effects of such a calamity.

There are actually six ways in which your community can be helped.

Natural Calamity

Always be prepared for a natural calamity, no matter what:

Like it is already mentioned, one of the worst nightmares of people amidst a calamity is to know that

how unprepared they are and that can be quite annoying. So, the first thing about recovery is to

prepare for the worst. You must not only prepare yourself, but also must prepare your family and

members of your community to endure at least for 3 days in any case of emergency. You can begin this

by communicating with your community leaders and its importance. You can coordinate with people

who have been in this before as well and devise effective strategies.

Natural Calamity

You must take care of you and your family:

While you are doing everything you can to save people of your community, your priority during a

calamity is to take good care of your family and yourself. Make sure that your family is safe before set

out for helping other and make sure that you protect yourself well as well. Before plunging yourself into

helping other, put on some gear and watch out for hazards on your ways. That is what an intelligent

person who wants to help others do.

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Online help can mean a lot to you:

If you are struck by a natural calamity, there will be people trying to help you from across the world. So

the best idea to accept these help is to get online. Where you publish the information and getting it

from and doing it online has the potential to larger group of people instantly. You will be able to accept

help online quicker than in person and doing so makes perfect sense as it is more efficient.

Find a gathering place:

When a natural calamity is struck, finding a place where you can gather people and volunteers is

important. People would always want to help during such problems and managing them to do what is

necessary can be quite challenging. So, have places like playground or school parking lot to gather

people.

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Record everything:

You must record everything that happens. When you have volunteers helping you, make sure that they

sign waivers for security reasons and record the same. You need to also record who worked where and

for how many hours.

You must train yourself:

Helping people can be tiring and you may have to put in more efforts that you would ever have. So train

yourself. However, since you can burnout after a certain time, you need to learn to let go and someone

else carry the torch. Once, the initial chaos and pandemonium is set, there will be more organized

volunteers and organizations come for the help.

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How to prepare a Natural Disaster Kit

Having a disaster kit ready at your disposal can mean a world to you and your family during any sort of

calamity.

Water:

If you did not know better, there are certain elements that constitute a disaster kit and the most

important one is water. Clean drinking water is one of the scarcest items that you come across at a

disaster location. You must have clean water for cooking and washing as well. Keeping water for at least

three days is the best option.

Natural Disaster

Food:

Till you get the help that is being brought, you need to survive and to survive you need energy. So, one

preparing a disaster kit must store enough food for at least three days for you and your family. If you

have more food, you can also support some of you fellow survivors as well.

First Aid

This is another important aspect that you have to take care of. Having enough first aid can be lifesaving,

most of the times. You do not want to keep your wounds open and susceptible for infections.

Surviving an emergency can most of the times means preparation. Being prepared for the worst with

whatever you have can mean the continued reign of you and your family’s lives.

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We live in a world full of uncertainties and we do not know when disasters can strike us. They can fall

dead down from the sky at times and places nobody would even think about. You may be working,

travelling, fishing or even sleeping when a disaster strikes and there is nothing more dangerous than not

being ready for it. While these do not have to necessarily be natural such as earthquakes, tsunamis,

floods, landslides or tornadoes. It can be flight, train accident or a bridge or building collapse or a fire.

Hence, it is important that everyone must always prepare to face the challenges of any disaster. Though

employers across the world from disaster prone areas try to keep their employees ready, disaster

preparedness can definitely help to save many lives.

Disaster-Report

Disaster preparedness can always help you stay away from the dangers that linger after a disaster has

struck. In disaster management, one of the most crucial and intricate problems is to manage people

after a disaster. There would be people needing medication, food and a place to rest. If it is cold, then

there has to be warm clothes for the people to wear. While all of these cannot be arranged at such a

place, you may want to consider what you would need if such a disaster has struck. Disaster

preparedness can be helpful to people who live at places where there is high chances of disasters such

as earthquakes, tsunamis or even cyclones. Being prepared is the best thing that anyone can do in the

wake of a disaster.

One of the first things to embrace disaster preparedness is to create a Natural Disaster Kit. By preparing

a disaster kit, you are definitely getting ready for the disasters that might loom in front of you. Disasters

are always about getting yourself through the hardships and difficulties and how long you can hang in

there before you just begin your life, once again.

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For most people living on the planet earth, earthquakes and tsunamis are all about what they read and learn in Geography or what they see...