Natural disasters can happen anywhere and one should be aware of the most devastating disasters so
that he/she can stay prepared for the harsh realities once they occur. Following is a list of various
natural disasters and their effects.
Landslide can be constituted by ground, trees, houses or rocks getting swept up. There are many causes
for such a landslide such as earthquakes, continuous rain and volcanic activities. While the effects of a
landslide cannot be overwhelming, they can still constitute to considerable amount of devastation.
Drought can be a serious disaster and it is caused when a region suffers from extensive deficiency of
water over a long time. This condition is largely constituted when a region receives lesser amount of
rains which is significantly lower than the average rainfall of the region. Though it may not bring in quick
damage to people and lives, prolonged ones can affect the economy and the quality of the life the local
Flood is one of the most common natural disasters that one can come across. Flood can be explained as
a water expanse that has the ability to plunge land and trample pretty much anything on its path. There
are many reasons for floods and some reasons can be extensive rains, dam breaks. Poor irrigation and
wastage disposal can result in clogging leading to floods.
These are large tidal waves that are caused by the sudden displacement of water in ocean due to high
intensity earthquakes under water. Though these are not quite common everywhere, one can find
tsunamis common at regions that are seismically very active. The desolation caused by these waves can
be really high and it can result is extensive damage to lives and properties. They also have the power to
wipe out entire cities as well.
Though not quite common, volcanic eruptions can be a great concern for people living near an active
volcano. Though there are not many active volcanoes to speak about now, the damage caused by the
eruptions can be catastrophic. The lava can melt anything in its path and burn down entire villages and
towns. The smoke emitted from the opening of the volcanoes can be poisonous and it can contain a lot
of tiny rocky particles can cloud sun and cause extensive damages to flights.
These are powerful and rotating columns of air that can blow at speeds from 50mph to 300mph and
higher. Tornadoes can occur at places where chances of thunderstorms are higher and can result in
extensive damage to lives and properties.
Earthquakes are the result of seismic activities that happen on the crust of the Earth between tectonic
plates. While not all earthquakes can result in damages, earthquakes that have a magnitude of more
than 4 can cause considerable damages to the property and lives of the people. The manifestations of
the quakes at the tectonic plates are normally observed as displacement and shaking of the ground.
While there can be many other natural disasters, these are the most notorious ones that a person can
easily relate to.